best anesthesiologist in hyderabad

Anesthesia And Pain Management

The Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management at the Citizens Specialty Hospital offers state-of-the-art facilities in pain management, perioperative patient care, and anesthesia delivery. The services available at the department include acute and chronic pain management services, cardiac anesthesiology, pediatric anesthesiology, obstetric anesthesiology, pain management at the intensive care unit, and post-anesthesia care unit. Post-op ICU care includes critical care, pain relief, nutrition, and rehabilitation.

The team at the department is committed to delivering anesthesia with utmost care and safety, especially in high-risk patients undergoing surgical interventions.

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Anesthesia involves the use of drugs called anesthetics. The doctor who delivers anesthesia is known as an anesthesiologist. Anesthesia plays an important role in surgical interventions. A network of nerves connects every living tissue in the body to the brain. When there is an injury to these tissues, the person experiences pain through the signals that travel from the injured tissue to the brain. Anesthesia blocks these signals, and the patient does not experience pain, Dduring surgery, anesthesia is given to prevent the patient from experiencing pain. It can either numb the site of the surgery or cause numbness in the brain while inducing sleep. The types of anesthesia include local anesthesia, general anesthesia, regional anesthesia, and sedation.

Anesthesia is given before the surgery to prevent pain. Once the effect of the anesthesia wears off, the patient may experience pain. However, the pain is relatively less severe compared to what it would be during surgery without anesthesia. The doctor prescribes analgesics to provide relief from pain.

The complications of anesthesia depend on the type of anesthesia delivered to the patient before surgery. The conditions that increase the risk of complications with general anesthesia are obesity, seizures, high blood pressure, diabetes, a history of excessive alcohol consumption, smoking, allergies to any anesthetic drug, underlying medical conditions affecting the heart, lungs, and kidneys, stroke, obstructive sleep apnea, and the use of medications, such as aspirin, that increases the risk of bleeding.

Pain, whether acute or chronic, indicates tissue damage in the body. Acute pain generally comes suddenly and is due to a specific cause. It lasts for not more than six months. Once the underlying cause is treated, the pain subsides. Conditions that may result in acute pain are fractures, burns or cuts, surgery, dental pain, and labor pain. Chronic pain is continuous, in some cases progressive, and usually lasts for over six months. The pain may continue even after the condition causing it is treated. The signals of the pain are present in the nerves for weeks or months. Types of chronic pain are cancer pain, nerve pain, back pain, arthritic pain, headache, and fibromyalgia. Chronic pain affects the quality of life, and patients with chronic pain may have anger, depression, anxiety, and a fear of injury recurrence.


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