The department of Medical Oncology at the Citizens Specialty Hospital is equipped with advanced techniques for diagnosing and treating all types of cancer. At the hospital, extensively experienced oncology specialists perform chemotherapy, immunotherapy, targeted therapy, and hormonal therapy. The department offers the latest medical facilities to monitor the efficacy of the treatment during and after the treatment. In addition, the medical staff develops customized treatment plans catering to the needs of individual patients.

The doctors in the medical oncology department work in coordination with the radiation oncology and surgical oncology department specialists to determine the best medical care for the patient to improve their chances of living a disease-free and longer life.

Radiation Oncology

Radiation therapy is one of the most important treatment options for patients suffering from cancer. The treatment is effective alone or in combination with other procedures, such as chemotherapy or surgery. It involves the use of high-energy radiation that kills cancer cells. The types of radiation used in radiation therapy are x-rays, protons, gamma rays, and electron beams. Depending upon the type and severity of cancer and the patient's overall health, radiation therapy may be internal (brachytherapy) or external (through external beam radiation). During External Beam Radiation Therapy, radiation is delivered to the cancerous site using a machine called Linear Accelerator (LA). The gantry of the machine moves around the body during treatment without touching the patient. Internal radiation therapy (Brachytherapy) involves inserting a radioactive material source, i.e., a seed, wire, catheter, needle, etc., into or near the cancer site for a few minutes.

Our physicians plan meticulously to minimize the chance of any side effects. Our expert team of physicists and dosimetrists ensures complete safety while performing the radiation therapies with highly sophisticated equipment and computers. An oncologist may prescribe radiation therapy before, during, or after surgery, depending on the treatment strategy devised collaboratively by the medical team. Our team of expert oncologists starts the design for each patient’s complete, personalized treatment plan with a simulation. The simulation begins by using detailed imaging scans to determine the location, size, and shape of the tumor in the body.

Medical Oncology

Medical Oncology

By choosing our medical oncology services, patients gain access to Chemotherapy, Hormone therapy, Immunotherapy, and Targeted therapy. Our team of medical oncology experts, along with other healthcare professionals always prioritize patient safety and comfort, while administering different types of treatment. They also help in providing moral support to the patients throughout their cancer treatment.

Surgical Oncology

The surgical oncology team at Citizens Specialty Hospital is an expert in performing complex cancer surgeries with a high success rate and minimal complications. The advanced technical equipment supports the medical team in performing the surgery for optimal outcomes. Some of the cancers treated at the department are breast cancer, head and neck cancer, soft tissue sarcomas, stomach cancer, esophageal cancer, lung cancer, colon cancer, rectal cancer, liver cancer, and bone cancer.


Nuclear Medicine

At Citizens Specialty Hospital, we offer highly advanced nuclear medicine diagnostic services to the patients suffering from different types of cancers. Nuclear medicine has both diagnostic and therapeutic purposes.

Our team of nuclear medicine specialists are experts in using imaging studies to identify the abnormal cancer cells, in the early stages of the disease. Positron Emission Tomography (PET) scans, a type of advanced imaging studies, are used, by the doctors to precisely identify the tumors in the body of the cancer patients. Radioisotopes or radio-pharmaceuticals are administered into the patient’s body through an Intravenous (IV) cannula. A set of nuclear reactions occur inside the body, after absorption of the radioisotope drugs, which gives a detailed view of the internal organs and tissues.

One of the main advantages of this process of diagnosis is that it helps in detailed analysis of the functioning of the organs, the growth of cancer cells, tissues, or structures, and helps to decide the further course of treatment.

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Patients Stories


There are several treatment options available in medical oncology. Some of them are:

  • Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy involves using drugs to kill the cancer cells.
  • Immunotherapy: Immunotherapy involves using drugs that make the cancerous cells more vulnerable to the immune system.
  • Targeted Therapy: This therapy involves using drugs that target specific vital mechanisms of cancer cells, thereby preventing their growth.
  • Hormonal therapy: These drugs are used against cancers that are hormone-sensitive or hormone-dependent.

Chemotherapy is one of the important treatment options in the management of cancer. As soon as the cancer is diagnosed, the doctor develops a treatment strategy for the patient based on the type and stage of the cancer. If the patient delays or stops the treatment, cancer may progress to the next stage, and more aggressive treatment is required.

The side effects of treatment in medical oncology are based on the type and stage of cancer and the type of treatment options used. Some of the common side effects are:

  • Hair loss
  • Easy bruising and bleeding
  • Infection and fatigue
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Diarrhea and constipation
  • Anemia (low red blood cell counts)
  • Mouth, tongue, and throat problems, such as pain with swallowing
  • Neurological problems such as tingling, numbness, and pain
  • Skin (dry skin) and nail (color) changes
  • Alteration in concentration and focus
  • Changes in weight and appetite
  • Urine and bladder changes
  • Kidney problems
  • Fertility problems
  • Changes in mood, libido, and sexual function

The patients may require around 6-12 months to completely recover from the side effects of chemotherapy. To improve the speed of therapy, the oncologists advise the patients to enroll themselves in the rehabilitation program. Several activities in the rehabilitation center, such as yoga, meditation, exercise, and psychological and diet counseling, assist the patient in improving their quality of life and managing the side effects of chemotherapy.