Advanced airway management is an airway management strategy that involves extensive skills, advanced training and equipment, and invasive procedures. Advanced airway management aims to develop a clear route between the lungs and the outside source of air, which could be the environment or a machine. Unlike jaw-thrust maneuvers or head tilt/chin lift in basic airway management, advanced airway management involves using advanced devices and state-of-the-art techniques.
The doctor should evaluate the signs of respiratory failure in the patients. Altered mental status may be present in patients with hypoxia and hypoventilation. Such patients are confused, anxious, and dull and need more force for breathing. Signs that indicate increased force of breathing are cyanosis (bluish skin), tachypnea (rapid breathing), hypopnea (reduced or shallow breathing), and dyspnea (shortness of breath).
Both basic airway management and advanced airway management are life-saving strategies. Some of the differences between both approaches are:
Some of the complications of airway intubation include vocal cord injury, swelling, bleeding, esophageal intubation, and failure of the secured airway.