Appropriate wound care is necessary to prevent infection and promote rapid healing. There are several ways to care for a wound , and the choice depends upon the severity and location of the wound. Proper wound dressing, topical and systemic antibiotics, anti-inflammatories, and surgical interventions are common methods for wound care.
There are several causes of leg ulcers. The vascular causes include vasculitis and arteriovenous malformations, neuropathic causes include diabetic neuropathy, hematological causes include sickle cell anemia, and the traumatic causes include cold injuries, burns, and pressure sores.
The complications associated with a diabetic foot ulcer are skin infections, gangrene, foot amputation, sepsis, abscess formation, and foot deformity.