Thoracic outlet syndrome is characterized by the compression of nerves or blood vessels in the space between the first rib and the collarbone. The patients experience numbness and neck pain. The other symptoms depend upon the types of nerves or blood vessels that are compressed.
Non-invasive treatments include medications, physical therapy, and clot-dissolving techniques. Surgery may also be performed in case the symptoms persist after non-invasive therapy.
Thoracic outlet syndrome is diagnosed by evaluating the patient’s medical history, performing a physical examination, and performing imaging tests such as electromyography, venography, arteriography, CT scan, MRI, X-ray, and ultrasound.