Evidence suggests that dietary habits and nutritional factors play an essential role in preventing and managing several gynecological conditions, including polycystic ovary syndrome, endometriosis, and uterine leiomyomas. Diet rich in fruits, vegetables, vitamin D, green tea, and a Mediterranean diet have a favorable effect on gynecological diseases. Red meat, white fats, coffee, and alcohol may assist in progressing gynecological conditions.

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  • PCOD (Polycystic Ovary Disease): In PCOD, the ovaries release immature eggs that result in an abnormal level of hormones and swelling in the ovaries. These immature eggs have the potential to develop into cysts. Nutritional interventions may help manage PCOD.
  • PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome):PCOS is a condition where the endocrine disorders lead to hormonal imbalances. The females have a higher level of androgens (male hormones), resulting in an increased risk of developing eggs into cysts. The other symptoms include abnormal hair growth, irregular menstrual cycles, and difficulty in conceiving. Dietary interventions may play a role in managing the risk factors that cause PCOS.
  • Pregnant and Lactating Women: The requirement for nutritional substances, such as proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals, increases significantly during pregnancy and lactation. It is important to consult the nutritionist about the best diet plan to fulfill the needs of the mother and fetus/infant.


Some of the nutritional measures for patients with PCOD and PCOS are:

  • A low-fat plant-based diet may help in reducing the insulin resistance
  • Diet rich in vegetables, whole grains, fruits, and legumes reduces inflammation and oxidative stress.
  • A low-fat, high-fiber diet reduces the level of androgens and manages cholesterol levels.
  • Chromium-rich foods, such as broccoli, potatoes, seafood, and whole grains, should be incorporated into the diet.

Nutrition improves the health of the lactating mother and the child in the following ways:

  • Healthy food provides energy and nutrition to produce more milk.
  • Eating a variety of food alters the taste of breast milk, thereby exposing the infant to different tastes. As a result, such infants may more easily accept solid food.
  • Avoid drinking too many sugary drinks or drinks containing caffeine, as caffeine may affect the sleep of an infant.
  • Healthy food, such as food rich in iron, calcium, and vitamins, ensures the adequate growth and development of the child.

Dietary considerations during pregnancy include:

  • Eat adequate fruits and vegetables to get vitamins, minerals, and fiber.
  • In addition, consume starchy foods such as potatoes, millet, maize, oats, cornmeal, and breakfast cereals.
  • Include protein-rich foods in your diet, such as pulses, beans, nuts, eggs, and fish,
  • Calcium-rich foods, such as cheese, milk, and yogurt, are also important during pregnancy.