Structural Heart Disease

Structural heart disease is characterized by an abnormality in one or more components of the heart, such as valves, muscles, walls, septum, and major arteries. Several patients do not experience any symptoms. However, subtle fatigue and chest pain may be warning signs. The types of structural heart diseases are valve regurgitation, stenosis, septal defects, hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy, and coarctation of the aorta.

Our Offerings

  • Minimally Invasive Valve Replacement: A minimally invasive replacement procedure involves replacing the diseased or damaged valve with an artificial valve. Several valves are present in the heart, ensuring unidirectional blood flow. The valves include the mitral, pulmonary, tricuspid, and aortic .
  • Transcatheter Aortic Valve Intervention (TAVI): The aortic valve is located between the aorta and the left ventricle. Transcatheter aortic valve intervention is a minimally invasive surgery to replace or repair the aortic valve if the valve is thickened and not functioning properly.
  • Transcatheter Mitral Edge-to-Edge Repair: It is a minimally invasive surgery to correct the mitral valve in patients not eligible for open heart surgery. The mitral valve manages the blood flow between the left auricle and the left ventricle. The procedure is done to treat mitral valve regurgitation.
  • Transcatheter Tricuspid Edge-To-Edge Repair: The tricuspid valve is present between the right ventricle and right atrium. Transcatheter tricuspid valve edge-to-edge repair is a minimally invasive surgery to correct tricuspid valve regurgitation.
  • Transcatheter Valve-in-Valve Implantation: In patients with degenerated and failed bioprosthetic valves, redoing open surgery carries a risk of significant complications. In such cases, less invasive transcatheter valve-in-valve implantation is a safe and effective option.
  • Transcatheter Valve-in-MAC Implantation: Open surgery for valve repair in patients with mitral annular calcifications has a significant risk of prosthesis detachment or atrioventricular groove rupture. Transcatheter Valve-in-MAC implantation is a safe option in such cases.
  • Other Surgeries: The other surgeries performed for structural heart disease include surgical valve replacement, vascular closure, and device closure.
  • Medical Management of Valvular Heart Disease: Medications and lifestyle modifications are recommended for patients with valvular heart diseases. Cardiologists may prescribe medications to manage the symptoms and blood thinners to lower the risk of clots. Further, lifestyle modifications include maintaining a healthy lifestyle , consuming a healthy diet, routine exercise, stress management, limiting alcohol consumption, and quitting smoking.
  • Advanced Diagnostics: Various advanced diagnostic procedures are performed to detect valvular heart diseases. These include cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, echocardiography, computed tomography, late gadolinium-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance, and strain imaging with echocardiography.


Structural heart disease refers to various conditions affecting the valves, walls, chambers, or blood vessels of the heart. It may include abnormalities such as valve stenosis or regurgitation, congenital defects, or other structural problems.

Minimally Invasive Valve Replacement (MIVR) is a surgical procedure that involves replacing a damaged or diseased heart valve using smaller incisions compared to traditional open-heart surgery. This approach aims to minimize trauma and promote faster recovery times for patients.

Transcatheter Aortic Valve Intervention (TAVI), also known as Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR), is a minimally invasive procedure used to treat aortic valve stenosis. It involves inserting a replacement valve through a catheter and implanting it within the diseased valve without removing the old one.

Transcatheter Mitral Edge-to-Edge Repair is a non-surgical technique used to treat mitral regurgitation by creating artificial leaflet coaptation in the mitral valve with clips inserted through catheters.

Transcatheter Tricuspid Edge-To-Edge Repair utilizes similar principles as mitral edge-to-edge repair but focuses on treating tricuspid regurgitation by improving leaflet closure at the tricuspid valve using specialized clips delivered via catheters.

Transcatheter Valve-in-Valve Implantation is a procedure performed to replace a failing bioprosthetic (tissue) valve with a new transcatheter valve. This technique avoids the need for open-heart surgery by inserting the new valve within the existing one using catheters.

Transcatheter Valve-in-MAC Implantation refers to placing a transcatheter valve inside a degenerated mitral annular calcification (MAC), which can obstruct normal valve function. This approach offers an alternative treatment option for patients who are not suitable candidates for traditional surgical interventions.

Medical Management of Valvular Heart Disease involves non-surgical approaches, such as medication and lifestyle modifications, aimed at managing symptoms and preventing disease progression in individuals with valvular heart conditions who may not require immediate intervention or are not suitable candidates for procedures.