The stomach is part of the digestive tract and is located in the upper abdominal region. The stomach is divided into different regions: the fundic, body, cardiac, and pyloric. The main role of the stomach is to secrete the acid and digestive juices that digest proteins, fats, and carbohydrates.

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  • Acid reflux disease: Acid reflux, also known as gastroesophageal reflux disease(GERD), is characterized by the flow of acid from the stomach into the esophagus, causing heartburn due to irritation of the esophageal lining. The other symptoms of acid reflux are chest pain, difficulty swallowing, the feeling of a lump in the throat, and regurgitation of sour liquid in the mouth.
  • Abdominal distension: Abdominal distension is a condition characterized by abdominal swelling and a feeling of bloating. There are several causes of abdominal distension including pregnancy, partial stomach paralysis, abdominal lining inflammation, internal bleeding, bowel obstruction, formation of gas due to indigestion, and weakness of the abdominal muscles. The condition is managed according to its cause. The doctor performs a physical examination and imaging tests to determine the cause of abdominal distension.
  • Vomiting: Vomiting is the process of emptying the contents of the stomach through the mouth. Vomiting is the body's mechanism to remove the harmful substance. It may also occur when the substance ingested irritates the gut lining. The most common cause of vomiting is gastroenteritis.
  • Gastric Polyps: Gastric polyps are masses of tissues that are formed in the internal lining of the stomach. Polyps do not cause any symptoms in most patients, however. he condition is generally detected when the patient undergoes a stomach evaluation to diagnose other diseases.
  • Gastric Cancer: There are several types of cells in the stomach. When one or more cells divide and grow without any control, the condition is termed gastric cancer. Risk factors for gastric cancer include underlying diseases such as H.pylori infection, age, and diet.
  • Foreign Body Ingestion: Foreign body ingestion is a common event in children. In most cases, the foreign object passes smoothly through the gastrointestinal tract. However, in some cases, it may result in obstruction and perforation.