Small Intestine

The small intestine is a part of the gastrointestinal tract and connects the stomach with the large intestine. It is divided into three sections, i.e., the duodenum, jejunum, and ileum. It helps in the digestion of food and the absorption of food and water.

Our Offerings

  • Flatulence and Bloating: Excessive swallowing of air or eating an amount of food that is difficult to digest may result in bloating, abdominal cramps, belching, and flatulence. These symptoms may also occur due to underlying medical conditions, such as irritable bowel syndrome. Patients should consult the doctor if they experience recurrent diarrhea and constipation, persistent bloating, abdominal pain, blood in their stools, or unintended weight loss.
  • Obstruction: There are several reasons for small intestinal obstruction. These include hernia, scar tissue, or cancer. The symptoms of small intestinal obstruction are nausea and vomiting, abdominal distension, discomfort and cramping, and constipation. This condition is diagnosed through the evaluation of medical histories, physical examinations, blood tests, and imaging tests such as CT scans and X-rays. Most small intestine obstructions resolve by providing adequate rest to the intestine. It can be done through a nasogastric tube that suctions the fluid from the stomach. The patients are not allowed to eat or drink through mouth. The patients are on intravenous hydration during recovery.
  • Unexplained Blood Loss: The most common cause of small intestinal bleeding is angioectasia. This condition involves the presence of abnormal blood vessels in the small intestine. This condition is generally found in older people. The other causes of small intestinal bleeding are tumors, inflammation, and certain medications, such as NSAIDs.
  • Polyps: Small intestines may have abnormal growth of the tissues that protrude out from the internal wall. Although benign, these polyps can potentially progress to a malignant stage. Patients with certain hereditary conditions, such as Familial Polyposis Syndrome, have multiple polyps in the small intestine.
  • Crohn’s Disease: Crohn's disease is a subtype of inflammatory bowel disease. The small intestine, especially its last section, is affected in most patients.