Skin surgeries

Several skin disorders, such as cysts, tags, warts, and moles, sometimes require surgical interventions. It is important to follow the advice of dermatologists before and after skin surgery to improve favorable outcomes.

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  • Cyst Removal: It is important to differentiate between a cyst and other similar conditions, such as abscess or boils, before initiating the treatment. There are several methods for removing cysts. Drainage involves draining the contents of the cyst by making an incision. The Fine-needle aspiration technique makes use of a fine needle to drain the fluid. Surgery is performed in dermoid, Baker's, and ganglion cysts under local anesthesia. The surgeon completely removes the cysts, which may leave a scar.
  • Mole Removal: Moles may be removed for both therapeutic (in the case of suspicious moles) and cosmetic purposes. During the mole removal process, the surgeon either cuts or shaves the mole. The procedure is done under local anesthesia. The patients may experience a burning or stinging sensation for a few days after the procedure.
  • Skin Tags and Warts Removal: There are several options for skin tag removal. Excision involves cutting the skin tag with a scalpel or surgical scissors. Cauterization is the process of burning tags with an electrical needle or probe. Cryosurgery involves tag removal with liquid nitrogen.
  • Vitiligo surgery: In cases where the non-invasive treatment options are ineffective for vitiligo patients, dermatologists may recommend surgical interventions. It includes tissue grafts and cellular grafts. The types of tissue grafts include smash graft, split-thickness skin graft, suction blister epidermal graft, and mini-punch graft. Cellular grafts include cultured epidermal grafts and cultured melanocyte grafts.
  • Wound closure: Immediate interventions forto wound closure are important as they prevent bleeding and the risk of infections. Surgical interventions for wound closures include skin grafts, skin flaps, and primary closure.


The dermatologist examines the skin in detail. Pictures of the mole may also be taken before the surgery to compare the effects of the surgery. The surgeon uses a dermoscope to get a detailed view of the mole. The type of surgery is decided based on the results. The procedure is performed under local anesthesia. Local anesthesia may be topically used or injected. The procedures include surgical excision or shave excision.

  • Keep the site of surgery dry and clean.
  • Apply topical medications, such as antibiotics, as advised.
  • In the case of stitches, cover them for at least 24 to 48 hours after the procedure.