With technological advancements, laparoscopic and robotic techniques have evolved for performing urological surgeries. These minimally invasive surgeries provide several advantages over open surgeries, such as fewer complications, less tissue injury, shorter hospital stay, a reduced requirement for pain medications, and faster recovery.
Not all patients with urological conditions are eligible to undergo laparoscopic surgeries. The choice for laparoscopic surgery depends on several factors, including the type of urological disease, underlying diseases, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and morbid obesity, and a history of surgery.
The types of surgeries include intracorporeal ileal conduit, buccal ureteroplasty, ureterocalicostomy, ureteral reimplantation, pyeloplasty, Boari flap, appendix onlay, ileal ureter, neobladder, bladder diverticulectomy, ureteroenteric anastomotic stricture repair, augmentation cystoplasty, rectourethral fistula repair, bladder neck reconstruction, and posterior urethroplasty.