The renal critical care unit provides advanced treatment and care facilities for acute and chronic renal disease patients. The experts at the renal critical care unit have hands-on experience with the latest innovations related to renal replacement methods and delivering dialysis to critically ill patients. In addition, patients with severe fluid and electrolyte imbalances and acid-base disorders are also treated at the renal critical care unit."Critical Care Medicine"
Acute Renal Failure, also known as acute kidney injury (AKI), refers to a sudden loss of kidney function. It can occur due to various factors such as dehydration, severe infection, medication side effects, or underlying health conditions.
The treatment for Acute Renal Failure depends on the underlying cause and severity of the condition. It may involve fluid resuscitation, medications to support kidney function, addressing any infections or blockages, and sometimes dialysis in severe cases.
Chronic Renal Failure refers to the gradual and irreversible loss of kidney function over time. This condition often develops as a result of long-standing health issues like diabetes, high blood pressure, or other chronic diseases affecting the kidneys.
While there is no cure for Chronic Renal Failure once it reaches an advanced stage called End-Stage Kidney Disease (ESKD), early detection and management can help slow down its progression and preserve kidney function through lifestyle changes, medication management, and possibly renal replacement therapy such as dialysis or renal transplantation.
Eligibility criteria for renal transplantation include having End-Stage Kidney Disease with significant decline in kidney function that requires regular dialysis treatments or has severely impacted daily life activities. Additionally, individuals must undergo thorough medical evaluations to assess their overall health status before being considered suitable candidates for transplantation.
Renal transplantation offers excellent outcomes in terms of both improved quality of life and long-term survival rates compared to ongoing dialysis treatments alone.
Severe Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) refer to infections that affect the urinary system, including the kidneys, bladder, ureters, and urethra. These infections can lead to significant discomfort and complications if left untreated.
Treatment for severe UTIs typically involves a course of antibiotics specific to the type of bacteria causing the infection. It is important to seek medical attention promptly as untreated or recurrent UTIs may result in kidney damage or other complications.
The causes of chronic renal failure are high blood pressure, type 1 and type 2 diabetes, polycystic kidney disease, glomerulonephritis, prolonged urinary tract obstruction, interstitial nephritis, recurrent kidney infection, and vesicoureteral reflux.