Pulmonary critical care aims to provide emergency healthcare facilities to patients suffering from severe lung diseases. The absence of oxygen in the body may damage vital organs. Thus, immediate medical intervention in severe lung diseases is essential. The team providing pulmonary critical care comprises expert pulmonologists, general medicine experts, surgeons, and trained nurses."Critical Care Medicine"
Pulmonary Critical Care is a specialized medical field that focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and management of patients with severe respiratory conditions requiring intensive care
Non-invasive ventilation refers to the delivery of ventilatory support without using an invasive breathing tube or tracheostomy. It involves providing positive pressure through a mask or nasal interface to help improve oxygenation and relieve respiratory distress.
Non-invasive ventilation may be utilized for various conditions such as acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), cardiogenic pulmonary edema, and certain cases of acute respiratory failure.
Complex mechanical ventilation refers to advanced techniques employed in critically ill patients who require more sophisticated ventilator strategies due to complex underlying lung pathology or refractory respiratory failure.
Complex Mechanical Ventilation might be required in cases involving severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), post-operative complications, trauma-related injuries, or other complex pulmonary disorders that necessitate customized ventilatory approaches beyond conventional methods.
Prone ventilation involves positioning critically ill patients facing downward (on their stomach) instead of the traditional supine position during mechanical ventilation.
Prone ventilation has been shown to improve oxygenation and reduce mortality rates in patients with moderate-to-severe ARDS by redistributing lung perfusion and improving gas exchange.
ARDS is a severe lung condition characterized by rapid onset of respiratory failure, resulting from various causes such as pneumonia, sepsis, or trauma. It is associated with widespread inflammation and damage to the lung tissue.
The management of ARDS typically involves providing mechanical ventilation with low tidal volumes (lung-protective ventilation), maintaining fluid balance, addressing underlying causes or infections, and potentially utilizing adjunctive therapies like prone positioning or extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in refractory cases.
The complications of pneumonia are difficulty breathing, lung abscess, accumulation of fluid around the lungs, bacteria in the blood, sepsis, acute respiratory distress syndrome, and respiratory failure.
Some causes of respiratory failure are pneumonia, pulmonary edema, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma, pulmonary embolism, pulmonary fibrosis, pneumothorax, cyanotic congenital heart disease, acute respiratory distress syndrome, bronchiectasis, and HIV-induced respiratory illness.