Several surgical interventions are available for the management of prostate and urological cancer. The type and complexity of the surgery depend on the location and stage of cancer. Due to advancements in surgical techniques, several organ preservation surgeries for prostate and urological cancer are now available.
The patients after prostatectomy may experience urinary incontinence, erectile dysfunction, dry orgasm, and narrowing of the urethra.
The complications associated with nephrectomy are infection, bleeding, and injuries to surrounding organs. The long-term complications include high blood pressure and chronic kidney disease.