Pain is an unpleasant feeling characterized by pricking, tingling, stinging, and burning sensations. It may be mild or severe, persistent or intermittent, and acute or chronic. There are several causes of pain, including muscle injury, nerve injury, and bone injury. The treatment of pain depends on several factors, including the severity of the pain and the type of injury.

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Conditions we Treat

  • Headache: Headache is characterized by pain in any area of the head. It may be limited to only one side, or one area or may occur on both sides or radiate throughout the head. Depending on the cause, headaches are classified as primary or secondary.
  • Migraine: Migraine, a neurological condition, is a type of headache with a pulsing sensation or sharp, throbbing pain. Patients with migraine may also experience other symptoms such as loss of appetite, sensitivity to noise, lights, and odors, tiredness, sweating and chills, nausea and vomiting, abdominal pain, and an upset stomach. Migraine triggers include emotional stress, caffeine consumption, hormonal changes in women, and exposure to flashing or fluorescent lights.
  • Upper back pain: It occurs in between the neck base and just below the ribcage on the back. The upper back is significantly more resistant to pain and injury compared to the lower back and neck. The common causes are poor posture, muscle deconditioning, muscle overuse, herniated disc, traumatic injury, osteoarthritis, pinched nerve, spinal infections, and myofascial pain. Patients with lung cancer may also experience upper back pain.
  • Sciatic nerve pain: Sciatic nerve, the longest nerve in the body, originates from the lower back and travels to the hips and down to both legs. Pain due to any disorder in the sciatic nerve is known as sciatic nerve pain. The most common causes of sciatic nerve pain are herniated discs or bone protrusions that put pressure on the sciatic nerve.
  • Neck pain: Neck pain is a common condition and is characterized by pain in the neck, which may be accompanied by headache, reduced ability to move the neck, spasms and muscle tightness, and worsening pain due to the stable position of the neck for a prolonged period. Neck pain may rarely be the symptom of a serious medical condition. A common cause of neck pain is poor posture, which strains the neck muscles. The other causes include osteoarthritis, nerve compression, meningitis, cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, and whiplash injuries.
  • Shoulder pain: Shoulder pain may occur in any part of the shoulder joint. The causes of shoulder pain include a fractured shoulder bone, shoulder dislocation, injury to the nerve supplying the shoulder, poor shoulder posture, shoulder joint arthritis, bone spurs in shoulders, stiffness in the muscles, ligaments, and tendons of the shoulder joint, shoulder separation, bursitis (inflammation in the fluid-filled sac present in the shoulder), and shoulder separation.


Some of the measures to prevent neck pain are:

  • Maintaining good and comfortable posture while standing, sleeping, and sitting
  • Avoid carrying heavy weights on your shoulders, such as heavy bags
  • Keeping the chair, desk, and computer at eye level
  • Avoiding sitting for a prolonged time in one position and taking frequent breaks
  • Increasing physical activity

The phases of a migraine are:

  • Prodrome: It is also known as the premonitory or pre headache phase. It may last from a few hours to a few days. The patients experience problems with concentration, difficulty speaking, and muscle stiffness.
  • Aura: During this phase, the patients have a change in smell or taste, ringing in the ears, and tingling or numbing sensation. The patients also see bright flashing lights or dots. The aura phase lasts for five minutes to an hour.
  • Headache: There is increased light sensitivity, loss of appetite, weakness and fatigue, blurred vision, dizziness, nausea, and vomiting. The pain can be mild at times, but it is usually severe and throbbing.
  • Postdrome: It is the phase of migraine hangover experienced by almost 80% of patients with migraine.