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Ovarian Disorders

Ovaries are the organs of the female reproductive system. A pair of ovaries are present in women, one on either side of the uterus. The functions of the ovaries are to release hormones and to produce and store eggs. Certain conditions affect the anatomical and functional characteristics of the ovaries.

"Obstetrics & Gynecology"

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  • Ovarian Cyst: Ovarian cysts are the fluid-filled sacs present in the ovaries. It is a common condition, and most women with ovarian cysts do not experience symptoms. However, in some women, it may cause mild discomfort. In most cases, ovarian cysts do not require treatment and disappear within a few months. However, rupture of the ovarian cyst may result in bleeding in the pelvis and severe pain.
  • Polycystic Ovarian Disease (PCOD): Polycystic ovarian syndrome is characterized by an alteration in hormonal levels. Women with this condition have increased synthesis of androgens by the ovaries. The symptoms of PCOD include multiple cysts in the ovaries, irregular periods, acne, excessive hair growth, infertility, obesity, thinning of the hair, and skin darkening. The exact cause of PCOD is not known. However, certain factors play a role in its development. These include insulin resistance, high levels of androgens, and low-grade inflammation.
  • Premature Ovarian Failure: The condition is also called primary ovarian insufficiency. This condition is characterized by a reduction in the functioning of the ovaries related to the secretion of hormones or the release of eggs. The symptoms of primary ovarian failure are vaginal dryness, hot flashes, reduced sexual desire, poor concentration, and infertility.
  • Ovarian Torsion: This condition involves twisting of the ovary around the tissues (ligaments) that hold them in their place. Twisting results in blockage of the blood supply to the ovary, and failure to receive early diagnosis and treatment may cause the ovary to die.
  • Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome: It is a complication of assisted reproductive technique. It occurs in women who are undergoing fertility treatment that involves ovarian stimulation to produce more eggs. In this condition, the ovary swells and releases fluid into the body. Some cases of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome are genetic.

Faq's

Various ovarian cysts include corpus luteum cysts, follicular cysts, cystadenoma, dermoid cysts, and endometrioma.

In contrast to women with primary ovarian insufficiency, women with premature menopause do not have periods and cannot become pregnant.