Orthobiologics are a novel addition to the treatment options for healing and reversing several bone defects and promoting recovery from ligament and tendon injuries. The orthobiologic procedures involve the constituents made by the patient's body. There are certain growth factors and proteins present in the blood that initiate and sustain repairing processes. When such chemicals are delivered in higher concentrations at the affected area, they accelerate the healing process.
Apart from managing bone defects, stem cell therapy is also used to treat joint pain. The length of relief from joint pain depends upon the site of pain, such as the shoulder, back, or knee. Studies have reported relief from arthritic pain from six months to several years with stem cell therapy.
The most important structures in the skeletal framework are bones and joints. However, movement is primarily mediated by musculotendinous units. Although the blood supplies to the muscles are adequate, they cannot regenerate after injury. Thus, the healing of muscles and tendons is inadequate and chronic. There may be both acute and chronic injuries to the musculotendinous structures. Chronic injuries are more complicated. Orthobiologics play an important role in the regeneration of injured tissues.