Muscle Disorders

Muscles perform several functions in the body and allow the body to move. Several problems may affect the muscles, causing pain, weakness, and paralysis. Some causes of muscle disorders include inflammation, infections, cancer, genetic conditions, overuse or injury, and certain medicines.

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  • Alzheimer’s disease: Patients with this condition have progressive deterioration in memory, thinking, organizing, and learning skills. The symptoms of Alzheimer's disease result in memory loss, cognitive deficits, recognition problems, difficulty reading, speaking, and writing, altered behavior and personality, and difficulty balancing. The exact cause of Alzheimer's disease remains unknown; however, it is believed that the reduced function of brain proteins results in these symptoms.
  • Cardiomyopathy: It is a disease of the heart muscle. The condition reduces the ability of the heart to pump blood and may lead to heart failure. The symptoms of cardiomyopathy include fatigue, shortness of breath, cough while lying down, rapid heartbeat, chest pressure or discomfort, and abdominal bloating. The types of cardiomyopathy include hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, restrictive cardiomyopathy, dilated cardiomyopathy, and arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia.
  • Dermatomyositis: It is a chronic inflammatory condition characterized by skin rash and muscle weakness. The other symptoms include reduced lung function and difficulty swallowing. It is strongly linked to malignancy, particularly in adults. Although the cause of dermatomyositis is not known, it is believed that genetic, immunological, and environmental (drugs, infections, and radiation exposure) factors play a role in its development.
  • Rhabdomyolysis: Rhabdomyolysis is a condition that develops due to an indirect or direct muscle injury. The condition is characterized by the rapid release of myoglobin (protein in the muscles) into the blood, leading to several complications, such as kidney failure.