The movement of any muscle in our body involves the complex coordination between the muscles, nerves, and central nervous system. Damage to any of these components results in a movement disorder. Depending on the underlying condition causing the movement disorder, the movement may be slowed or increased.
Some management options for Parkinson's disease include medications of various therapeutic classes, such as anticholinergics, dopamine agonists, catechol O-methyltransferase (COMT) inhibitors, adenosine receptor antagonists, and surgeries, such as deep brain stimulation.
The doctor may diagnose cervical dystonia during a comprehensive physical examination and obtain information about the symptoms experienced by the patients. However, the doctor may also advise the patient to undergo magnetic resonance imaging to rule out other diseases that may cause the symptoms.