Melanoma And Skin Cancer

Surgical interventions are the mainstay in the management of skin cancer. Fortunately, in most cases, these interventions are curative. Oncologists and cancer specialists should use appropriate surgical procedures to diagnose, stage, and treat skin cancer.

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  • Advanced Plastic Surgery: Surgeons remove the affected skin in patients with skin cancer. A scar is left after removing the skin, especially facial skin, that may have functional and aesthetic concerns. Plastic surgery is the technique used to reconstruct skin defects. Local flap reconstruction is one of the most common procedures to reconstruct facial skin cancer defects.
  • Sentinel Lymph Node Mapping: Sentinel lymph node mapping for skin cancer comprises three steps. First, the doctor injects the blue dye or radioactive substance near the lesion. A device is used to locate the injected material. In the last step, the lymph nodes that first took in injected material (sentinel nodes) are removed and evaluated for cancer cells.
  • Mohs Surgery: This surgical intervention for skin cancer involves removing the lesion in layers. The first layer is removed and checked for cancer cells. If it contains cancer cells, the second layer is removed and checked. The process continues until the layer without cancer cells is removed.
  • Amputations: An amputation is also a treatment option for patients with melanoma in cases of extensive tumor spread or loss of function due to the growth of the tumor. Amputation may also be considered in cancer recurrence after prior surgeries.
  • Therapeutic Lymphadenectomy: Therapeutic lymphadenectomy is the surgical procedure that involves removing all lymph nodes in the nodal basin, e.g., the inguinal region, axilla, or head and neck.
  • Surgical Interventions for Metastatic Melanoma: The introduction of advanced non-invasive treatment options, such as targeted therapy or immunotherapy, has altered the way of treating metastatic melanoma. Surgical removal of the metastatic tumor is done in patients with limited metastatic sites. Complete resection of the metastatic tumor increases survival.