Limb reconstruction involves using several techniques to improve the anatomy and functional ability of deficient or deformed limbs. The surgeon realigns the bones and improves sensation and weight-bearing capacity. The conditions in which the limb reconstruction is performed are non-healing fractures, congenital deformities, bone tumors, post-traumatic deformities, and shortening/lengthening of the limb. The techniques include internal fixation, such as nailing or plating, and external fixation, such as monotube or Ilizarov frames.
The condition of the non-healing of the bones is known as non-union. However, it is a rare situation. In such cases, the doctor may opt to stop the limb-lengthening procedure. The surgeon may decide to perform additional surgery or reverse the effects of prior surgery.
Patients may experience pain after Ilizarov surgery. The procedure involves using an external fixator , which may not be easy for several patients. There may be a requirement to wear the frame for several months, resulting in discomfort and pain. Further, removing the external fixator may also cause pain due to pin site inflammation.