The large intestine, also called the colon, is the place for the production and storage of stool. Several diseases affect the large intestine. These are colon cancer, colon polyps, ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, irritable bowel syndrome, ischemic colitis, and diverticulitis.
Crohn's disease is characterized by sites of colon inflammation followed by places with healthy tissues. In ulcerative colitis, there is continuous inflammation of the colon.
The management options for irritable bowel syndrome include dietary alterations, routine exercise, quitting smoking, antidepressant medications (to manage symptoms), probiotics, and relaxation techniques.