Every person, at least once in his lifetime, encounters infection due to bacteria, viruses, or fungi. In some cases, especially in people with a weakened immune system, these infections affect the body to such an extent that immediate medical interventions are certainly required. If not treated promptly, such conditions may lead to sepsis and septic shock, leading to multiple organ dysfunction and failure."Critical Care Medicine"
Septic shock with multi-organ dysfunction or failure is a severe condition that occurs when an infection spreads throughout the body, leading to organ damage and failure. It is a life-threatening medical emergency requiring immediate treatment.
Severe bacterial infections are caused by harmful bacteria entering the body and multiplying rapidly. These infections can affect various organs and systems, leading to serious health complications if not promptly treated.
Severe fungal infections occur when fungi invade different parts of the body, often targeting individuals with weakened immune systems. These types of infections can be challenging to treat and may require specialized medical interventions.
ECMO refers to a technique used in critical care situations where blood is pumped outside the body through an artificial membrane oxygenator that provides oxygenation before returning it back into circulation. This method supports heart and lung function in patients with severe respiratory or cardiac issues.
Cytokine filtration therapies involve removing excessive inflammatory substances called cytokines from a patient's bloodstream. This approach helps regulate the immune response during conditions like sepsis or other hyperinflammatory states.
Some of the measures to prevent infections are:
The causes of septic shock are bacterial, viral, and fungal infections along with traumatic injuries. Septic shock occurs when the sepsis is not treated in time.