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Heart Attack Treatment

Patients with heart attacks have reduced or blocked blood flow to the heart. This blockage may be due to the accumulation of cholesterol, fats, and other substances in the coronary arteries. As a result, patients experience chest pain, sweating, shortness of breath, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, and indigestion. In addition, women may have sharp pain in the neck, back, and arm.

"Cardiology"

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How treatment manages heart attack

  • Reduction in blood clotting, thereby allowing blood flow through a narrowed artery
  • Breaking of the clots that are preventing blood flow
  • Widening of the blood vessels to allow smooth blood flow
  • Reduction in blood pressure and slowing heartbeat, thereby limiting damage to heart muscles
  • Lowering unhealthy cholesterol thereby reduces the risk of blockage

Treatment for heart attack

  • Medications: The doctor prescribes several medications depending upon the severity of the heart attack, the extent of blockage, and the presence of underlying risk factors. These medications assist in maintaining the blood flow through the arteries and prevent the recurrence of a heart attack.
  • Coronary angioplasty: In this procedure, the surgeon removes the blockage from the arteries. A wire with a deflated balloon is guided at the blockage site. The surgeon then inflates the balloon to widen the artery and improve blood flow. The surgeon also places a stent to reduce the risk of narrowing the artery again.
  • Atherectomy: Sometimes, the plaque in the arteries is so hard (due to calcification) that it is not removed through balloon angioplasty. The surgeon, in such cases, inserts a device in the artery to cut the plaque before balloon angioplasty and stenting.
  • Coronary artery bypass surgery: In cases such as multiple blockages, the doctor may advise the patient for bypass surgery. It is open heart surgery. In this surgery, the surgeon makes a new path for blood flow to the heart by taking a healthy vessel from another body part. It may also be performed as emergency surgery after a heart attack.
  • Cardiac rehabilitation: During cardiac rehabilitation, the patients are informed about the measures for improving heart health. The patients are advised to enroll in a cardiac rehabilitation program after heart surgery. It involves taking care of the heart through a healthy diet, routine exercise, and stress management.

Faq's

A heart attack, also known as myocardial infarction, occurs when the blood flow to the heart muscle is blocked, leading to damage or death of the heart tissue.

The treatment for a heart attack depends on various factors and may include medication, lifestyle changes, and medical procedures such as coronary angioplasty, atherectomy, or coronary artery bypass surgery.

Coronary angioplasty is a minimally invasive procedure that involves inserting a thin tube (catheter) with a balloon at the end into narrowed or blocked arteries in the heart. The balloon is inflated to widen the artery and restore proper blood flow.

Coronary angioplasty may be recommended if you have significant blockages in your coronary arteries that are causing symptoms like chest pain (angina) or during an acute heart attack to restore blood flow quickly.

Atherectomy is another minimally invasive procedure used to remove plaque buildup from inside narrowed arteries of the heart using special cutting tools or lasers attached to catheters.

An atherectomy may be considered when there are specific types of arterial blockages that cannot be adequately treated with conventional methods like balloon angioplasty alone.

Coronary artery bypass surgery involves creating new pathways for blood to bypass blocked or narrow sections of the coronary arteries by grafting healthy vessels from other parts of your body onto those affected areas.

Coronary artery bypass surgery can be recommended for individuals with severe blockages in multiple major coronary arteries or if other treatment options have not been effective.

Each procedure carries its own set of risks, which can be discussed with your healthcare provider. However, the potential benefits include improved blood flow to the heart, relief from symptoms, and a reduced risk of future heart attacks.

The recovery time varies depending on the individual and the specific procedure performed. Generally, patients may need to stay in the hospital for a few days to monitor their progress before gradually resuming normal activities over several weeks.