Patients with heart attacks have reduced or blocked blood flow to the heart. This blockage may be due to the accumulation of cholesterol and other substances in the coronary arteries. Patients experience chest pain, sweating, shortness of breath, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, and indigestion. Women may have sharp pain in the neck, back, and arm.
The treatment aims to improve the flow of blood to the heart. The mechanisms for improving blood flow through treatments are:
Coronary angioplasty is a minimally invasive procedure that involves inserting a thin tube (catheter) with a balloon at the end into narrowed or blocked arteries in the heart. The balloon is inflated to widen the artery and restore proper blood flow.
Atherectomy is a minimally invasive procedure used to treat blocked arteries caused by plaque buildup. During this procedure, a specialized device is inserted into the artery to remove or break up the plaque, restoring blood flow and reducing the risk of heart attack.
Heart rhythm treatments have been proven to be generally safe and effective; however, every procedure carries some risks that will be explained by your healthcare provider beforehand.
CABG stands for Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting. It is a surgical procedure that creates new pathways for blood to flow around blocked or narrowed coronary arteries. This helps improve blood supply to the heart muscle, relieving symptoms such as chest pain and reducing the risk of heart attack.
Atherectomy, CABG, and Coronary Angioplasty have been proven effective in improving blood flow to the heart muscle and reducing the risk of future heart attacks. The specific treatment recommended for each patient depends on individual circumstances and is determined after careful evaluation by a cardiologist or cardiac surgeon.
Yes, these procedures are considered safe when performed by experienced healthcare professionals in appropriate medical facilities. However, as with any medical intervention, there are risks involved which will be thoroughly discussed by your healthcare team to ensure you have a clear understanding and can make informed decisions.
In most cases, patients may require medications post-procedure to manage various aspects of cardiovascular health such as controlling blood pressure, reducing cholesterol levels, preventing blood clots, or managing other underlying conditions. Your healthcare provider will prescribe appropriate medications based on your specific needs.
Recovery time varies depending on several factors including individual health condition and extent of treatment received but typically ranges from a few days to several weeks.