Glomeruli are tiny filters present in the kidney. Damage to these filters results in glomerulonephritis. It is generally caused when the immune system cells mistakenly attack the glomeruli. It may be acute or chronic. If left untreated, it may lead to kidney failure or chronic kidney disease.
The treatment for minimal change disease involves the management of the symptoms. The medications include steroids to manage inflammation, antihypertensives to manage blood pressure, and diuretics to reduce edema.
The diagnosis of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis is made through a comprehensive examination of kidney function (urine analysis and glomerular filtration rate), kidney imaging, and kidney biopsy.