Geriatric And Palliative Care

Taking care of physical, cognitive, and mental health is necessary for healthy aging. Elderly people are at increased risk of developing several diseases. Diagnosing and treating these conditions is important to avoid complications and increase survival. It is also important to provide palliative care to patients suffering from serious diseases to improve their overall quality of life.

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  • Gastrointestinal disease treatment: Elderly people are at increased risk of developing gastrointestinal disorders due to altered digestion and modifications in the gastrointestinal flora. The symptoms commonly experienced by the elderly are constipation, gastritis, acidity, and indigestion.
  • Urinary disease treatment: There is a high risk of urinary tract infections in the elderly. Further, the elderly have several other urological conditions, such as urinary incontinence, urinary retention, and chronic kidney disease. In addition, benign prostatic hyperplasia is a common condition in elderly males.
  • Joint disease treatment: There is a reduction in the lubrication and cushioning properties of the joints with age. It results in arthritis, due to which the patient experiences swelling and inflammation. Elderly women are at risk of developing post-menopausal osteoporosis. Bone density also reduces with age, making the elderly more vulnerable to fractures.
  • Skin disease treatment: The skin loses its elasticity and immunological properties with aging. The elderly are more prone to infections, such as fungal or bacterial foot infections, cellulitis, and viral infections. The other skin conditions are pigmentary changes, cancerous and non-cancerous skin growths, and blistering disorders.
  • Heart disease management:People over the age of 65 are at increased risk of developing coronary artery disease, heart failure, and stroke. It is important to undergo routine cardiovascular screening, especially for those with higher cardiovascular disease risk. It ensures timely diagnosis and optimal treatment.
  • Diabetes management: There is a high incidence of diabetes in the elderly population due to impaired function of pancreatic cells and increased insulin resistance. If left untreated, it causes severe complications and damages organs, such as the kidneys, eyes, and nerves. Diabetes also increases the risk of urinary incontinence, falls, dementia, hearing loss, and depression.
  • Management of Hearing Issues: Aging loud noise, underlying chronic conditions, and infections increases the risk of hearing loss in the elderly. The hearing loss is due to changes in the inner and middle ear and alterations in the nerve pathways. Treatment options include hearing aids and assistive devices, such as amplifiers.
  • Neurological disease management: Elderly people also suffer from cognitive impairment and other psychological disorders. Cognitive decline may be due to hormonal alterations, side effects of medications, and depression. Psychological disorders may be as a result of anxiety, psychosis, and social isolation.
  • Palliative care: Palliative care provides customized medical care to patients suffering from serious illnesses, such as cancer, kidney failure, or end-stage liver disease. Palliative care aims to reduce symptoms and improve the overall quality of life.


Geriatric care focuses on the health and well-being of older adults, addressing their unique medical, social, and emotional needs.

Palliative care aims to improve the quality of life for individuals facing serious illnesses by providing relief from symptoms, pain management, and addressing emotional and spiritual concerns.

Geriatric care offers specialized healthcare services designed to address age-related conditions such as memory loss, chronic diseases, mobility issues, medication management, and overall wellness promotion.

Common gastrointestinal diseases in this population include acid reflux (GERD), gastritis, ulcers, diverticulosis/diverticulitis, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), constipation issues or irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).

Treatment may involve dietary modifications recommended by a nutritionist/dietitian along with medications to manage symptoms or control inflammation depending on the specific condition diagnosed.

Older adults often experience urinary tract infections (UTIs), urinary incontinence or leakage due to weakened bladder muscles or other factors related to aging.

Management strategies may include lifestyle changes like fluid intake adjustments or pelvic floor exercises as well as medications prescribed by a healthcare professional specializing in urology/geriatrics.

Neurological disorders prevalent among seniors include dementia (such as Alzheimer's disease), Parkinson's disease, stroke-related complications/post-stroke rehabilitation needs or peripheral neuropathy.

Management focuses on a combination of medication, therapy (physical, occupational, speech), lifestyle modifications and support services to help patients maintain functionality and quality of life.

Palliative care can provide specialized support for older adults facing serious or terminal illnesses by managing pain/symptoms, improving comfort, addressing emotional/spiritual needs and providing guidance for decision-making regarding treatment options.

Contact our healthcare facility to inquire about available geriatric and palliative care programs/services or seek referrals from your primary care physician.

Some of the ways to improve the health of the elderly are:

  • Incorporate exercise and physical activity into your daily life
  • Eat a healthy diet
  • Take adequate rest and sleep
  • Avoid smoking, alcohol intake, and other substance abuse
  • Maintain mental health through yoga and meditation
  • Engage in hobbies
  • Undergo regular health checkups

Some symptoms that can be improved through palliative care are pain, difficulty breathing, trouble sleeping, constipation, nausea or vomiting, fatigue, anxiety or nervousness, anorexia, and depression or sadness.