Facial Trauma

Facial trauma involves injuries to facial tissues, such as skin, muscles, and bones. Symptoms of facial trauma include a deformed face, an altered feeling on the face, problems breathing, missing teeth, and double vision.

"Head & Neck"

Our Offerings

  • Laceration Repairs: Laceration repair is a procedure to treat the cut or tear on the skin and the underlying tissues, such as muscles, subcutaneous fats, and tendons. It is also recommended for patients suffering from facial trauma due to assaults, motor vehicle accidents, injuries, falls, sports, thermal burns, chemical exposures, and animal bites. The steps of the laceration repair include cleaning the wound and preparing it for closure. The minor tears are self-healing and do not require medical interventions. However, laceration repair is required in deep wounds. Laceration repair aims to prevent excessive bleeding, reduce infection risk, and avoid severe scarring.
  • Earlobe Repairs: Earlobe repairs are usually minimally invasive procedures to correct the expanded, elongated, or torn earlobes. Earlobe damage may be due to sudden trauma, multiple earlobe piercings close to each other, wearing heavy earrings for a prolonged period, and earrings pulled by children, snatchers, or due to snagging in the dress. The procedure is done under local anesthesia, and most patients are discharged on the same day of the procedure. The surgeon cleans, gives anesthesia at the site of the procedure, removes excess skin, and closes the wound in layers, ensuring no tension in the other areas of the ears. The patients may have a fine scar after complete healing.
  • Traumatic CSF Rhinorrhea and Otorrhea Surgeries: Cerebrospinal fluid is present in the brain and spinal cord. In several situations, the CSF fluid leaks into the ears (CSF otorrhea) and the nose (CSF rhinorrhea). These conditions include surgery, trauma, tumors, and cholesteatoma. Patients with CSF leak in the ears experience a strong, salty taste in the mouth. CSF Rhinorrhea should be treated promptly as it increases the risk of meningitis and intracranial complications. The timing of surgical interventions for leaked CSF depends upon the complications. Early surgery is performed if the patient has a penetrating injury or is at increased risk of meningitis. The types of surgeries include intracranial repair surgery and endoscopic endonasal surgery.
  • Maxillary and Mandibular Fracture Fixation: The upper jaw is known as the maxilla, and the lower jaw is the mandible. A fracture in one or both jaws is known as a facial or jaw fracture. Jaw fracture involves a broken nose, damaged eye sockets, orbital bones, or other facial structures. The jaw fracture surgery aims to reposition the dislocated bone, which can be performed through surgical forceps. The surgeon may use plaster or a fracture splint to join the broken bone.


The symptoms of facial fractures include facial pain, jaw pain that increases during jaw movement, swelling, and oral bleeding.

The non-surgical options include staples, adhesive strips, and Dermabond glue. Surgery for lacerations depends upon various factors, such as the level of bleeding, involvement of muscles and nerves, and gum injury.