Esophagus is the tube that facilitates the passing of food from the oral cavity to the stomach. Several conditions affect the esophagus; these include GERD, Barrett's esophagus, and eosinophilic esophagitis. Patients should not ignore symptoms and consult the doctor for an appropriate diagnosis and treatment.
The risk factors associated with Barrett’s esophagus are male gender, family history of Barrett’s esophagus, advanced age (>50 years), being overweight or obese, having Gastro Esophageal Reflux Disease (GERD), and smoking.
The treatment options for GERD are medications that neutralize the acid or reduce acid production and surgeries, such as fundoplication and transoral incisionless fundoplication.