Chronic diseases are diseases that persist for more than one year and require medical intervention. Chronic conditions, such as cancer, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases, are major causes of death. These conditions are progressive and get worse with time. It is important to manage these conditions to prevent or delay their progression, reduce symptoms, and improve quality of life.
Hypertension, commonly known as high blood pressure, occurs when the force of blood against artery walls is consistently too high. Causes include genetic factors, unhealthy lifestyle habits, and certain medical conditions.
Obesity refers to excessive body weight due to an accumulation of fat, while metabolic syndrome encompasses a cluster of conditions including obesity, high blood pressure, elevated blood sugar levels, and abnormal cholesterol levels. Lifestyle modifications such as a balanced diet and regular exercise play key roles in managing these conditions.
Proper diagnosis and treatment are essential for maintaining hormonal balance.
Some of the risk factors for developing chronic diseases are:
Chronic diseases are long-term conditions. These diseases are generally not permanently cured but effectively managed through appropriate treatment. Patients with uncontrolled chronic disease experience symptoms frequently that significantly affect their quality of life. Complications with poorly managed diseases shorten the life expectancy of patients.
Diabetes is a chronic condition characterized by high blood sugar levels due to the body's inability to produce or effectively use insulin. It can lead to various complications if not managed properly.