Breast Conditions

Most people link all breast lumps and swellings to breast cancer. However, it is not the case. Breast conditions may be benign or malignant. Some benign conditions increase the risk of breast cancer. Most of the non-cancerous lumps do not require treatment. However, it is essential to consult the doctor for a comprehensive evaluation.

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  • Benign Breast Diseases: Benign breast conditions involve lumps, cysts, or fluid discharge from the nipples and are not due to cancerous conditions. Some benign breast diseases increase the risk of breast cancer. The patients should not ignore the symptoms and consult with the best gynecologists. Some of the benign breast conditions include:
      Breast cysts: Almost one-fourth of the lumps in the breast are due to fluid-formed cysts. These cysts do not increase the risk of cancer. The majority of these do not require any treatment.
      Hyperplasia: The cells that line the mammary glands or ducts overgrow, leading to hyperplasia. Women with usual hyperplasia do not have an increased risk of cancer. However, atypical hyperplasia makes women more vulnerable to breast cancer.
      Mammary duct ectasia: This condition occurs in menopausal and postmenopausal women. The disease is characterized by a discharge from the nipples due to an inflamed, swollen milk duct blockage.
  • Fibroadenosis: Women with fibroadenomas experience a benign overgrowth of the breast tissue, leading to a lump and tenderness. Fibroadenosis is also known as fibrocystic disease. It is considered the most severe form of alterations that occur monthly in the breasts due to changes in hormone levels.
  • Fibroadenoma: It most commonly occurs in women between the ages of 15 and. Fibroadenoma is the most common solid, non-cancerous tumor. The condition does not require medical intervention.
  • Breast Infection and Abscess: Patients with breast abscesses have pus in the breast, which occurs when the breast infection (mastitis) is not appropriately managed. This condition is most commonly diagnosed in breastfeeding women. The symptoms of a breast abscess are warm skin, redness, pain, nipple drainage, and discharge from the breast. The patients cannot determine the difference between the infection and abscess symptoms. Therefore, it is essential to consult gynecologists and receive appropriate treatment.