Understanding Kidney Stones: Causes, Symptoms, and Prevention Strategies

Kidney stones are small, hard deposits that form in your kidneys over time. They are usually made up of minerals and salts that are found in urine and can cause a lot of discomfort and pain if not treated properly. While some kidney stones may pass on their own, others may require medical attention and even surgery in severe cases.

Causes of Kidney Stones:

The most common cause of kidney stones is dehydration, which means that your body is not getting enough water. Other factors may include an unhealthy diet that is high in salt or sugar, certain medical conditions such as gout, or family history. Some medications can also increase your risk of developing kidney stones, such as diuretics (water pills), calcium-based antacids, and antibiotics.

Symptoms of Kidney Stones:

The most common symptom of kidney stones is severe pain that usually starts in the back or side and can spread to the groin. Other symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, and a persistent urge to urinate. You may also notice blood in your urine or experience a burning sensation when urinating. If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to seek medical attention immediately as kidney stones can lead to serious health complications if left untreated.

Prevention Strategies for Kidney Stones:

The best way to prevent kidney stones is to drink plenty of water throughout the day. It is recommended to drink at least 8-10 glasses of water per day( such that they produce 2.5 – 3 litres of urine per day ), especially if you are prone to developing kidney stones. Eating a healthy diet that is low in salt and high in fruits and vegetables can also help prevent kidney stones. Some studies suggest that reducing your intake of animal protein and oxalate-rich foods such as spinach and cocoa can also help prevent kidney stones.

Other prevention strategies may include staying physically active through regular exercise, maintaining a healthy weight, and avoiding excessive alcohol consumption. It is also important to talk to your healthcare provider about any medications you are taking that may increase your risk of developing kidney stones.


Kidney stones can be a painful and debilitating condition, but with the right prevention strategies, you can reduce your risk of developing them and improve your overall kidney health. By drinking plenty of water, eating a healthy diet, and staying physically active, you can maintain healthy kidneys and avoid the discomfort and pain of kidney stones. If you are experiencing symptoms of kidney stones, seek medical attention immediately to prevent any serious health complications. At Citizens Specialty Hospital, Nallagandla, Hyderabad we have an expert team of nephrologists who can help diagnose and treat kidney stones, so don't hesitate to reach out for help if you need it.