The open heart surgery, as the name suggests involves cutting open the chest to perform the necessary medical operation on the muscles, valves and the arteries of the heart. It sometimes called a traditional heart surgery
WHEN IS OPEN HEART SURGERY NEEDED?
Open heart surgery is done to perform coronary artery bypass graft for the people who are diagnosed of coronary heart disease. People with coronary diseases have narrowed or hardened blood vessels. The fat in the body accumulates and forms a plaque on the walls of the coronaries. This accumulation interrupts the blood flow to the heart causing heart attack.
Apart from the coronary bypass grafting open heart surgery is also performed to
• Repair or replace heart vales
• Introduce medical devices that help heart to function properly
• Heart transplants
• Repair the damaged areas of the heart
HOW IS IT PERFORMED?
The patient is given general anaesthesia ensuring they are sleep throughout the surgery. The surgeon makes approximately a 10 inch cut in the chest. The surgeon exposes the heart by cutting through a part or all of the breast bone.
The surgeon starts working on the clearly visible heart by initially connecting the patient to the lung-heart bypass machine. In some procedures, the use of the machine is negated. The surgeon uses a healthy vein instead of the blocked vein and makes a new path around the blocked artery.
The surgeon closes the breast bone. Sternal plating is recommended for the people who have had multiple surgeries. The sterna plating is a procedure where the breastbone is joined with tiny titanium plates.
It is important to take care of the incision. It should be kept warm, dry and infection free. Ensure to ash hands before and after coming in contact with the incision area. Check for the following pointers and immediately visit the doctor if any of them occur
1. Increase in drainage or opening from the incision
2. Redness along the incision
4. Warmth around the incision line
Ask for your doctor’s opinion before taking shower. The shower should not be for more than 10 minutes with the lukewarm water. The patient requires good amount of rest to recover from the surgery.
At the Citizens Specialty Hospital, we have a special program called Citizens Heart – which includes cardiology and cardiac surgery specialties. The Citizens Heart program is powered by a group of experienced and dedicated specialists who are trained to manage diverse cardiovascular disease subsets like congenital heart disease, atrial fibrillation, and coronary artery diseases. A team of cardiac intensivists, interventional cardiologists, and cardio surgeons are available 24X7 for patient care at the hospital.
We offer comprehensive Cardiology treatment for adult and pediatric patients of all ages