AORTIC ANEURYSM & AORTIC DISEASE
An aortic aneurysm is an abnormal bulge that occurs in the wall of the major blood vessel (aorta) that carries blood from your heart to your body. Aortic aneurysms can occur anywhere in your aorta and may be tube-shaped (fusiform) or round (saccular).
Aortic aneurysms include:
• Abdominal aortic aneurysm: An abdominal aortic aneurysm occurs along the part of the aorta that passes through the abdomen.
• Thoracic aortic aneurysm: A thoracic aortic aneurysm occurs along the part of the aorta that passes through the chest cavity.
In some cases, an individual may have an abdominal aortic aneurysm and a thoracic aortic aneurysm.
Having an aortic aneurysm increases your risk of developing an aortic dissection.
An aortic dissection occurs when a tear develops in the inner layer of the wall of the aorta. This causes one or more of the layers of the wall of the aorta to separate, which weakens the wall of the aorta. Having an aortic aneurysm also increases your risk that the aneurysm can burst (rupture).
An aortic dissection is a serious condition in which the inner layer of the aorta, the large blood vessel branching off the heart, tears. Blood surges through the tear, causing the inner and middle layers of the aorta to separate (dissect). If the blood-filled channel ruptures through the outside aortic wall, aortic dissection is often fatal.
Aortic dissection is relatively uncommon. The condition most frequently occurs in men in their 60s and 70s. Symptoms of aortic dissection may mimic those of other diseases, often leading to delays in diagnosis. However, when an aortic dissection is detected early and treated promptly, the chance of survival greatly improves.
Aortic dissection symptoms may be similar to those of other heart problems, such as a heart attack. Typical signs and symptoms include:
• Sudden severe chest or upper back pain, often described as a tearing, ripping or shearing sensation, that radiates to the neck or down the back
• Sudden severe abdominal pain
• Loss of consciousness
• Shortness of breath
• Sudden difficulty speaking, loss of vision, weakness or paralysis of one side of your body, similar to those of a stroke
• Weak pulse in one arm or thigh compared with the other
• Leg pain
• Difficulty walking
• Leg paralysis
We offer comprehensive Cardiology treatment for adult and pediatric patients of all ages